In previous reports, SELEX-seq profiling followed by DNA shape analyses of binding by heterodimers of all eight Drosophila melanogaster Hox proteins in complex with their common co-factor Extradenticle (Exd) revealed an important role for MGW readout [26, cuatro9]. More recently, an extension of the SELEX-seq method for methylated binding sites, EpiSELEX-seq, revealed that cytosine methylation modulates the affinity with which human orthologs (Pbx-Hox) of these heterodimers bind to CpG dinucleotide-containing sites . The DNA sequences associated with the largest binding affinity for the Exd-Hox and Pbx-Hox complexes matched the 12-bp sequence pattern NTGAYNNAYNNN, where Y represents pyrimidine (C or T) and N any nucleotide (Fig. 6a).
Mathematically tall expanding off minor groove (first two boxes) plausibly shows you the seen quicker binding on account of methylation at CpG offsets six/seven and you will
CpG methylation induces a DNA shape change that explains its effect on Pbx-Hox binding. a Schematic representation of Pbx-Hox heterodimer bound to DNA (PDB ID 1PUF), and of the effect of CpG methylation on binding. Pbx (green) and Hox (blue) homeodomains bind up- and downstream of the central spacer region (indicated in red), respectively. CpG methylation at offsets 6/7 and reduces binding, whereas methylation at offset 9/ten enhances binding. Read more